A jab is a type of punch used in the martial arts. Several variations of the jab exist, but every jab shares these characteristics: while in a fighting stance, the lead fist is thrown straight ahead and the arm is fully extended. It is an overhand punch; at the moment of impact, the pronated fist is generally held in a horizontal orientation with the palm facing the ground.
Etymology[edit | edit source]
The word jab was first used in 1825, to mean "to thrust with a point." The term is a Scottish variant of the word job, which means "to strike, pierce, thrust."
Uses for the jab[edit | edit source]
Defense[edit | edit source]
A jab is an integral part of a fighter's defense. Its speed and power of execution and reach can keep the opponent at a distance, preventing him from charging in. Defensive jabs can be employed while moving backwards.
Speed jab[edit | edit source]
This jab gives a fighter high mobility and is often used with the intention of scoring points. Fighters use this variation of the jab when they want to preserve the mobility and balance of their stance.
Rangefinding jab[edit | edit source]
Used in order to establish a feeling for distance, the rangefinding jab is often used to set up a power punch with the other hand. Thus it can help conserve stamina and lower the risk of being countered by allowing the fighter to commit his stronger hand only when he is within proper range.
Boxers have been wobbled by a rangefinding jab.
Power jab[edit | edit source]
Power can be added to a jab if it is thrown with a moderate step forward. The drawback to this technique is that it takes the fighter out of his boxing stance, committing him to the punch rather more than the speed jab. A "pivot jab" is the most powerful jab, one in which the weight shifts almost entirely to the lead foot, which pivots to put the mass of the body behind the punch. Jabbing from the hip, rather than from a tight guard, will add power to the jab at the expense of speed.
Jab to the body[edit | edit source]
Jabbing to the body is relatively uncommon, because it increases a fighter's vulnerability to a counterpunch. Typically, the fighter bends at the waist and fires a speed jab to the midsection of his opponent in an attempt at getting the opponent to drop his guard. It is impractical to put the body weight behind this punch, so power is limited.
Jab combinations[edit | edit source]
- Jabs are often doubled up in an attempt at getting the opponent to compromise his guard.
- "Jabbing on the fly" is a point-scoring maneuver that employs a quick series of speed jabs thrown by a circling fighter.
- Most combinations start with a jab as a way of closing the distance and finding the proper range. In this context, the jab is referred to as a "set-up jab".
- Many fighters end their combinations with a jab that is designed to stifle counterpunches.
Historians consider some of the best jabbers in history to be Sonny Liston, Larry Holmes, Muhammad Ali, Hector Camacho, and Sugar Ray Leonard. Recent master jabbers include Lennox Lewis, and currently the No.1 heavyweight Wladimir Klitschko, both coached by the same trainer and able to develop significant power into their jabs. Holmes' jab has often been called "the best among Heavyweights", Ali's jab was famous for its speed and Liston's for its power.
See also[edit | edit source]
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References[edit | edit source]
- "Jab". Online Etymology Dictionary. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?l=j&allowed_in_frame=0. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
- "Vitali Klitschko vs. Tamasz Adamek". Abload GIF. http://h11.abload.de/img/vitali62kqe.gif. Retrieved 2012-10-12.
- "The 5 Types of Jabs". ExpertBoxing.com. http://www.expertboxing.com/boxing-techniques/punch-techniques/5-types-of-jabs. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
- "Basic Boxing Punches: The Jab". iSport.. http://boxing.isport.com/boxing-guides/basic-boxing-punches-the-jab. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
- "The Boxer". 2012 Muhammad Ali Enterprises LLC.. http://www.ali.com/legend_boxer_main.php. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
- "East Side Boxing". East side Boxing.. http://www.eastsideboxing.com/forum/showthread.php?t=377445b. Retrieved 2012-05-07.