John Lawrence Sullivan (1858-1918) was an American boxer with Irish ancestry, and last bare knuckle heavyweight champion in boxing, and also being the first glove boxing heavyweight champion from 1882 to 1892. He was known as Boston Strong Boy.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Early life[edit | edit source]
John L. Sullivan was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts on October 15, 1858. His father was a pugnacious hod carrier, 5 feet 3 inches tall and weighing 125 pounds. His mother stood 5 feet 10 inches tall and weighed 180 pounds. John inherited his father's temperament and his mother's physique. Though his mother wanted John to become a priest, he left school in his middle teens and spent over a year as an apprentice tinsmith. He then joined his father "in the masonry trade, " while earning extra money as a talented baseball player. He always insisted he could have been a professional in that sport.
Boxing[edit | edit source]
In 1877 Sullivan had his first important boxing encounter at Boston's Dudley Street Opera House. Accepting Tom Scannel's challenge to fight anyone present, Sullivan knocked Scannel off the stage in the first round. Two years later Sullivan was champion of Massachusetts and seeking to develop a national reputation that would provide him a chance at the American title. Because boxing matches were illegal in most cities, various ruses were employed to circumvent the law. When Sullivan was arrested in Cincinnati after having knocked out a challenger, he was found innocent on the grounds that he had participated in a foot race which his opponent lost.
Rise to Fame[edit | edit source]
Called the Boston Strong Boy, Sullivan met Patty Ryan, the titleholder, in Mississippi City in 1882; Ryan lasted through nine knockdowns before giving up. Now known as the Great John L., he became the most popular and flamboyant champion in boxing history. He fought under the London Prize Ring rules with bare knuckles, defending his title innumerable times, notably against Charlie Mitchell in Europe; Herbert Slade, the Maori Giant; and, in 1889, Jake Kilrain in the last fight under the London rules. Henceforth, under the Marquis of Queensberry rules, all fighters wore gloves and fought 3-minute rounds instead of "coming to scratch" after each knockdown.
Sullivan vs. Corbett[edit | edit source]
- Main article: John L. Sullivan vs James J. Corbett
Sullivan was not a giant: just 5 feet 10 inches tall and about 190 pounds. His skill consisted in "hitting as straight and almost as rapidly as light" and in overwhelming his opponent. This technique made him vulnerable to the scientific fighter, who could manage to stay away and rest every 3 minutes under the new rules. In 1892, after 21 rounds, Sullivan, soft and wasted from drinking and an undisciplined life that left no time for training, was defeated by James J. Corbett.
Later life[edit | edit source]
Wisely, Sullivan never staged a comeback but sustained his popularity on the vaudeville stage and, after reforming in 1905, as a temperance lecturer. He died in Abingdon, Massachusetts on Feb. 2, 1918.
Record and Statistics[edit | edit source]
Statistics[edit | edit source]
Name: John Sullivan
Nicknames: Boston Strong Boy
Boxing Record[edit | edit source]
Wins by KO: 34
No contests: 1